General Question

XOIIO's avatar

What makes up cells?

Asked by XOIIO (16726 points ) January 21st, 2011

I know there are smaller parts of cells that function to make food and stuff, but what makes them up? How small will stuff go?

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14 Answers

XxSHYxxGUYxX's avatar

There are a lot of internal organs that a cell has. Theres mitochondria which is the power house/fuel centre of the cell, theres the nucleus which carries the genetic information (DNA), there are ribosomes which produce RNA, then there is the nucleolus, golgi, cell membrane, cilia and flagella for movement, etc…. It pretty well documented on wikipedia. Just search for ‘cell’ on wikipedia. Every organ has its function in a cell and there are plenty! Hope this helped…

XOIIO's avatar

I know that, but what makes up those?

grumpyfish's avatar

Well, eventually you get down to atoms, then neutrons/protons/electrons, and then quarks, and then whatever we think quarks are made of this year.

Some wikipedia articles to help you with that:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organelle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribosome#Structure
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondrion#Structure

One of the coolest enzymes ever: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATP_synthase
It’s basically a motor.

lemming's avatar

As to my understanding it is sugar, and, eh, spice and, what do they call it, oh ya, all things nice. At leased that’s what mine are made of :)

963chris's avatar

And magic.

mrentropy's avatar

Don’t forget the molecules.

JLeslie's avatar

One thing I remember is the cell membrane is made up of lipids. This is one reason you don’t need to use antibacterials on everything to kill bacteria. Just using soap or other products which breaks down fats, will cause the germs to fall apart. Or, that is how I learned it, I am not a scientist.

Lightlyseared's avatar

@JLeslie soap does not kill bacteria by interrupting their cell wall. If it did it would also affect the cells that make up your hands as well. What soap does is to act as an emulsifier that help fatty substances to mix with water and so allow them to wash away.

klutzaroo's avatar

@JLeslie Phospholipids make up cell walls, phosphorous head, lipid tail. The lipid tails are hydrophobic so they’re in the middle of the double layer that makes up cell walls. The cheese in a grilled cheese sandwich. :)

stratman37's avatar

trivia: the contents of a chicken egg is ONE cell!

thorninmud's avatar

There’s an interesting theory that mitochondria (the energy-generators of cells), and maybe even some other cellular components, may have originated as bacteria that got incorporated into our cells at some far distant point in our evolution.

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