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NightRStar's avatar

What type of cross is this? Picture of cross my father -in-law saw in Rome and is asking for my help to identify: http://i49.tinypic.com/vile34.jpg?

Asked by NightRStar (9 points ) November 14th, 2012

Picture of cross my father -in-law saw in Rome and is asking for my help to identify: http://i49.tinypic.com/vile34.jpg

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6 Answers

NightRStar's avatar

I’ve consulted this site: http://www.crosscrucifix.com/glossaryhome.htm
And I think it might be a Enkolpion? What do you think?

SpatzieLover's avatar

I would call it a Greek cross (see link for another example). Generally Greek crosses have arms that are the same length.

marinelife's avatar

Enkolpion crosses are all reliquaries.

SpatzieLover's avatar

Here is your cross from the Rome gift shop @NightRStar. They just list it as a medallion.

NightRStar's avatar

Interesting @SpatzieLover, thanks for your help! Much appreciated!

Judi's avatar

Here’s some info on what the symbols mean.

(The up and down symbols)
“Chi-Rho” or “sigla”: the letters “X” and “P,” representing the first letters of the title “Christos,” were eventually put together to form this symbol for Christ (“Chi” is pronounced “Kie”). It is this form of the Cross that Constantine saw in his vision along with the Greek words, TOUTO NIKA, which are rendered in Latin as “In hoc signo vinces” and which mean “in this sign thou shalt conquer.
(The right and left symbols.) Alpha-Omega: Alpha, the first letter of the Greek alphabet, and Omega, the last letter of the Greek alphabet, became a symbol for Christ due to His being called “the First and the Last.” The roots of symbolizing these attributes of God go back further, all the way to the Old Testament where, in Exodus 34:6, God is said to be “full of Goodness and Truth.” The Hebrew spelling of the word “Truth” consists of the 3 letters “Aleph,” “Mem,” and “Thaw”—and because “Aleph” and “Thaw” are the first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet, the ancients saw mystical relevance in God’s being referred to as “Truth.” At any rate, the Greek Alpha and Omega as a symbol for Christ has been found in the Catacombs, Christian signet rings, post-Constantine coins, and the frescoes and mosaics of ancient churches.
Source

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