General Question

FiRE_MaN's avatar

How do you referance someone you heard speak?

Asked by FiRE_MaN (684points) March 24th, 2009

For my history class i have to write a paper and i heard and remember a person speak about what im writing about and they are a credible source. So how would i site this in my paper? Ive looked all over google and have come up empty handed..

im writing about reform movements in the 1830s and 40s if anyone cares.

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13 Answers

MadParty's avatar

usually “i heard such from this person” “this is a quote from” “I am quoting”

lillycoyote's avatar

I think it’s generally cited as “a personal communication.” check this (end of the page).

La_chica_gomela's avatar

Just go to, and select “lecture” or “speaker” or whatever option they give you, type the details into the appropriate boxes, and you’re good to go.

A_Beaverhausen's avatar

ahh! @La_chica_gomela you beat me to it!

La_chica_gomela's avatar

i do what i can ;-)

FiRE_MaN's avatar

alrighty then thanks +)

Sueanne_Tremendous's avatar

forgive me: Reference

andrew's avatar

also: cite

FiRE_MaN's avatar

eh… eye kant speel earther haha

Likeradar's avatar is also fantastic for this kind of thing.

bea2345's avatar

EITHER: Personal communication from Professor Simon Greenfield on Monday 23rd September 2007.

OR: Greenfield, Simon. Remarks made by Professor Greenfield on Monday 23rd September 2007 at the annual meeting of the History Department, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica.

These formats worked for me.

YARNLADY's avatar

If you want to use a reference (not referance) in your essay, try to provide as much information about who, what, where and when you heard it, in the footnote.

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