General Question

artur's avatar

was it newton or Leibniz who invented calculus?

Asked by artur (21points) February 18th, 2008 from iPhone
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8 Answers

Perchik's avatar

according to wikipedia – Both.

gailcalled's avatar

According to my calculus teachers; both.

mirza's avatar

i hate both of them for doing so

phoenyx's avatar

I side with Leibniz because he published first and Newton was a jerk.

elimisteve's avatar

Newton and Leibniz both created Calculus, but did so independently—they were bitter rivals—and did so while trying to solve very different problems. Newton was doing physics and Leibniz was studying limits.

istand1337's avatar

Newton had practical uses for it… so I side with him.

I can also pronounce his name :P

Kurtosis's avatar

Oh boy… you’re opening up a can of worms here. I think the general consensus is that they both did it independently. But Newton was a son of a bitch about it, and more or less devoted the rest of his life to tearing down Leibniz.

Leibniz has one thing going for him – his notation was more useful and flexible, and is the one we mostly use today (i.e. df/dx for a derivative. Newton put dots above a variable to indicate derivatives)

allthumbs55's avatar

Leibniz had at one time, prior to Newton’s publication of his work, met Newton, discussed the concepts involved and, some say, saw preliminary notes. However, Newton’s calculus was concerned entirely with change with respect to time, since mechanics (laws of motion) were his principle interest. Some classical mechanics teachers and texts still use Newton’s “dot” notation where a variable with a single dot above it represents the first derivative of that variable with respect to time, two dots the second derivative, etc.

Leibniz, whose notation is commonly used today, considered change of one variable (dependent) with respect to another variable (independent). For instance, with pressure of an enclosed gas expressed as a function of temperature, the rate of change of pressure with respect to temperature could be determined at any point (with the usual provisos of continuity and continuous differentiability).

Leibniz was also very involved in philosophy/theology, having an ongoing discussion (through publication) with Spinoza. Experts have concluded that Newton and Leibniz invented (discovered) the calculus independently.

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