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lopezpor's avatar

What are the two types of diabetes?

Asked by lopezpor (241points) July 1st, 2010


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20 Answers

MissA's avatar

Type One is inherited.
Type Two is lifestyle created.

aprilsimnel's avatar

There’s also Gestational Diabetes Mellitus that can occur during pregnancy for certain high-risk populations of women.

lucillelucillelucille's avatar

See above.I have type 1 :)

jazmina88's avatar

diabetes is genetic…..mine is inherited but it is type 2. diagnosed at 35.

MissA's avatar

Ooops. I forgot about gestational, probably because it is mostly temporary.

tadpole's avatar

so is type 2 inherited and lifestyle ie you will get it but when depends on your way of life or is it just inherited…and if inherited can it skip generations….

i ask because my grandma has type 2, she is 94 and got it about 5–10 years ago…she lost most of her sight at the same time…and i do not recall it running in her family, certainly not her parents…

i am slightly (hmm) overweight because of medication i have to take…and i am not at all keen on becoming diabetic though i can do little about my weight short of stopping medication, which is not practical…i am 38…

Disc2021's avatar

To my understanding, type 2 is considered a little bit more serious. Due to insulin being overworked, it just stops working, so you can’t just get an injection of insulin like you can for type 1 (1 is where your body can’t produce it on it’s own).

jazmina88's avatar

@disc2021 is right….I rechecked my notes. Type 1 is where your body produces no insulin on its own.
Type 2 the body still produces some amount of insulin. You may still take insulin, but it is usually treated by more diet and other meds.

jazmina88's avatar

watch your carbs. there is alot of diabetic in my family, sister and aunt, before I was diagnosed. drink diet, use splenda, veggies…..even light exercise…...stretching.

can keep you on your way. food journal if you want. It’s a combination of genes and living that keeps you healthy.

JLeslie's avatar

I think they are doing away with the terms jeuvenile and adult onset, because children are getting type 2 now since there are so many who are overweight.

JLeslie's avatar

I have heard that some think there might be a virus responsible for type 1. I think it is considered autoimmune for now.

@tadpole You might be genetically predisposed since your grandma has diabetes, but she is pretty old when she developed it, we might be able to just chalk it up to age. No matter what, even if nobody had diabetes in your family, being overweight is a risk factor. You are putting a strain on your organs. If you are overweight for a short time, because of a temporary need for medication or an illness I would not be too worried. Also, Type 2 diabetes usually goes away once the wieght is lost and better eating habits are adopted. Type 1 you just have diabetes, there is nothing you can do.

Andreas's avatar

@lopezpor I read recenetly about another type of diabetes you might like to read about, which is called Type 3 diabetes. Here’s the link for the article.

tadpole's avatar

@JLeslie yes it was put down to her age that she got it…didn’t know it could go away, that’s encouraging..

mattbrowne's avatar

@MissA – You said

Type One is inherited.
Type Two is lifestyle created.

Well, it’s a little more complicated than that. There’s a genetic component in type 2 as well and though most cases are lifestyle created, there’s a significant amount which isn’t at least not correlating with obesity and lack of exercise. There are type 2 diabetics who get it even though they never were overweight.

There’s a genetic predisposition for type 1, but the environment seems to be a factor too and it’s not completely understood. Something seems to upset the immune system. And statistics show an increase as well, which cannot be explained by genetics alone. See for example

The overall incidence of type 1 diabetes in Europe will undergo explosive growth over the next decade, with the biggest increases occurring in children under 5 years of age, according to data from the EURODIAB study published online in the Lancet. Researchers found an overall 3.9% per year increase in the incidence of type 1 diabetes; in children under 5 the rate was 5.4%.

The researchers are uncertain about the precise causes for the increase in incidence and earlier age of onset of type 1 diabetes, but say that the rapid changes rule out genetic factors alone. The biggest changes are occurring in Eastern Europe, where fundamental changes in lifestyle habits are taking place.

In an accompanying Comment, Dana Dabelea notes that the younger age at onset will lead to an increased risk of diabetic ketoacidosis, and that the “longer duration of exposure to an altered metabolic milieu” will substantially increase “the risk of chronic microvascular and macrovascular complications.”

The findings may have important implications that go far beyond Europe. “Recent projections suggest that the prevalence of type 1 diabetes in young people will increase most in less developed parts of the world, even though the incidence is now lowest there,” writes Dabelea. Similar growth may also be expected in the US, especially in some non-white populations.

JLeslie's avatar

@mattbrowne Personally I believe Type 1 is probably many times cause by an environmental factor we do not yet understand or has not been isolated. Either chemical or infectious. Identical twins do not always both develop Type 1, so it kind of rules out genes only, although I do believe there is probably a genetic disposition to the illness. I personally believe Type 1 might actually be more than one type, possibly subgroups within even that group, for what causes the specific autimmun response the detroys the persons ablity to produce insulin. Infection would explain a spike in numbers, and so would chemical, especially if the growth is happening in clusters. Also, of course, we now keep people alive who have type 1, so they pass their gene onto another generation, so it makes sense it might grow exponentially for just that reason too. Because of how exponential growth works, whicih I know I don’t need to explain to you, all of a sudden the numbers can get huge.

mattbrowne's avatar

@JLeslie – Two versions of type 1 could be with or without residual islet cell functioning, see this study:

“Scientists at Joslin Diabetes Center have discovered that a surprisingly high percentage of people with type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent) who have had the disease for 50 years or longer (the Joslin Medalists) may still have residual functioning, insulin-producing islet cells and/or islet cell antibodies.”

taulandi's avatar

Type 1 (Juvenile or child diabetes) – insulin is not produced due to genetic factors (you need insulin straight away).
Type 2 – insulin is produced (or partially produced) and not working properly (need lifestyle and diet strategy changing to beat diabetes in this case).
Gestational diabetes – a temporary condition occurring during pregnancy (when just entered the third trisemester).

JLeslie's avatar

@mattbrowne Thanks, I have a friend who will be very interested in that information.

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